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Mexico City - Capital of Mexico

Settled by the Aztecs in the 14th century before being overthrown by the Spanish, Mexico City was founded by the conquistadors on Lake Texcoco in 1525.

Today 20 million inhabitants live in a constant hurly-burly of city life from the successful business person to the poor street hawker. Such is life in Mexico City.

The city is massive but surprisingly easy to navigate and many of the more popular tourist attractions are easy to get to by foot.

You'll be spoiled for choice with plenty of street markets splashing a welcome myriad of colour, through spices and textiles, into an otherwise gray urban backdrop.

Mexico City seems to have mashed together the hustle of India life and bustle of European nostalgia with great music and fantastic food.

Mexico City Webcam

www.mexicocity.gob.mx/

Top 5 things to do in Mexico City

Plaza de la Constitucion

The Zócalo is formally known as Plaza de la Constitución (Constitution Square) and is the main plaza in the heart of the historic centre of Mexico City.

Around 1812, plans were made to erect a column in the centre of the square as a monument to Mexico's Independence from Spain, but only the base, or zócalo, was ever built. The plinth was destroyed long ago but the name has lived on.

The plaza has been a meeting place for locals since the time of the Aztecs. Today the Mexican flag is ceremoniously raised and lowered each day at the centre of the square.

If you are looking for the Zócalo metro station, it's located at the northeast corner. Apparently there are no signs above ground pointing to it's location.

Dominating the square are the National Palace and the Cathedral, with the Templo Mayor site behind it.

www.destination360.com/north-america/mexico/mexico-city/plaza-de-la-constitucion

Chapultepec Castle/Park

Chapultepec Park is a vast 686 hectare ecological urban park in the heart of the sprawling Mexico City metropolis.

It is considered the first and most important of Mexico City's "lungs," with trees that replenished oxygen to the Valley of Mexico.

For Mexico City residents, the park is valued as a cultural and historic area as well as green space. The area has vestiges showing human presence as far back as the Toltecs with a number ruins from both the pre-Hispanic through the colonial period.

Today, the park is divided into three sections, with the first section being the oldest and most visited and contains most of the park's attractions including its zoo, the Museum of Anthropology, Rufino Tamayo Museum.

Chapultepec Castle is located in the middle of the park on Chapultepec Hill and is the only Royal Castle in the American Continent.

In 1944 the castle was turned into the National Museum of History and important documents and memorabilia covering Mexico's history from the Conquest until the Revolutionary period can be seen here.

The presidential chambers can be visited in the Fortress, and a magnificent panorama of Mexico City can be viewed from the terraces.

www.mexicocity.com.mx/chaprk.html

Palacio de Bellas Artes

The Palacio de Bellas Artes (Palace of Fine Arts) is towards the west of the city, next to the Alameda Central park.

The earliest known structure on the site was the Convent of Santa Isabel, whose church was built in 1680. However, significant Aztec finds, such as a sacrificial altar in the shape of a plumed serpent have been found here.

Since its initial construction between 1904 and 1934, very little has been updated or modified.

Like the main facade, the interior is surfaced in Italian Carrera marble. It's divided into three sections: the main hall with adjoining smaller exhibition halls, the theatre and the offices of the Insituto Nacional de Bellas Artes.

The building is best known for its murals by Diego Rivera, Siqueiros and others, as well as the many exhibitions and theatrical performances its hosts, including the Ballet Folklorico de Mexico.

www.bellasartes.gob.mx/index.php/engli.html

Six Flags Park

Appealing to the growing tourism industry, Six Flags is a huge amusement park located in the Tlalpan forest, south of Mexico City.

It was previously called Reino Aventuraand its main attraction at that time was the killer orca whale Keiko which featured in the film Free Willy.

Today the website boldly claims to have "More Coasters Than Any Other Theme Park On The Planet".

Some of the park areas are themed "Villages" and includes the Mexican Village, Swiss Village, French Village, and Cowboy Village.

There's also a Hollywood and Bugs Bunny's Circus amongst the attractions.

As well as the rides, the park hosts many different types of events throughout the year ranging from a Math & Science Day to Miss Dance Drill Team USA - whatever that may be.

Check the website for the latest information and ticket prices.

www.sixflags.com

Teotihuacan

It would be a crime to visit Mexico and just stay within the concrete metropolis.

Teotihuacán is an enormous archaeological site in the Basin of Mexico, containing some of the largest pyramidal structures built in the pre-Columbian Americas and well worth a day trip out of your busy schedule.

Situated some 50km northeast of Mexico City, here you will find the ceremonial Pyramid of the Sun, Pyramid of the Moon and the Great Pyramid of Cholula.

Apart from the pyramidal structures, Teotihuacan is also known for its large residential complexes, the Avenue of the Dead, and numerous colourful, well-preserved murals.

The city was thought to have been established around 100 BC and lasted until sometime between the 7th and 8th centuries AD having more than 200,000 inhabitants at its peak, making it one of the largest cities of the world in this period.

www.mexicocity.com.mx/teoti_i.html

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Other Places To Visit

If you have some extra time in the city, some other worthwhile places to visit are:

  • Templo Mayor - an Aztec temple recently discovered in the heart of modern Mexico City
  • Metropolitan Cathedral - the oldest and largest cathedral in all of Latin America
  • Xochimilco - best known for its network of canals built by the Aztecs

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Temperature & Rainfall Guide for Mexico City

Climate graph for Mexico City

More Mexico City details from Climate Charts

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Mexico City City Centre Map

View Larger Map of Mexico City

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Great Airfare Deals to Mexico City

Book your airplane ticket to Mexico City now. Use our list of airline providers to find discount flights to Mexico City.


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Quick City Info

Currency

Mexican Peso MX$1

Centavo 1 centavo
(MX$1 = 100 centavos)

Currency Converter

Dialling To Mexico City

+52 55 then local #

Dialling Out From Mexico City

00 then international #

Local Mexico City Time

Mexico City City Map

Google city map of Mexico City

Air

Mexico City International

Rail

Buenavista Station

Underground

Metro

Sea

There is no local sea port

Road

Bus, Car, Bike, Taxi

Tourist Info Centres

Mexico City Tourist Information

Travel Essentials

Hotel Deals in Mexico City

Mexico City has many great hotels and accommodations. Make sure you get the best price for your hotel or accommodation in Mexico City

Car Hire

Make the most of your holiday and hire a car in Mexico City. Find out who has the best car hire deals.

Travel Insurance

Ensure you and your family are covered in Mexico City for any mishaps with some great travel insurance deals.

Travel Extras

Make sure you check out our handy travel extras section for useful information to help you plan your holiday.

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